Most people enjoy sunny weather, but extreme heat can seriously damage your health or even be fatal. During a heatwave, when the temperature stays high day after day, it is essential that you look after yourself properly.
In a severe heatwave, you may get dehydrated and your body may overheat. This can lead to heat exhaustion or heat stroke, which both require urgent treatment.
Symptoms of heat exhaustion include:
- nausea and vomiting
- muscle weakness or cramps
- pale skin
- high temperature
If you think you have heat exhaustion, you should move somewhere cool and drink plenty of water. If you can, take a lukewarm shower or sponge yourself down with cold water.
If heat exhaustion is untreated, you could develop heatstroke. Heatstroke can also happen suddenly and without any warning.
Symptoms of heatstroke include:
- intense thirst
- hot, red and dry skin
- a sudden rise in temperature
- loss of consciousness
- Stay inside in the coolest rooms in your home
- Close the curtains in rooms that get a lot of suns
- Keep windows closed while the room is cooler than it is outside and open them when the temperature inside rises – if you are worried about security, open windows on the first floor and above
- Take cool showers or baths and splash yourself several times a day with cold water, especially your face and the back of your neck