Tips to prevent coronavirus transmission

Tips to prevent coronavirus transmission

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Anyone can contract COVID-19, although certain groups of people have a higher risk of developing serious complications from the virus and requiring hospitalization. Many people who get coronavirus will experience cold- or flu-like symptoms, and some people who get the virus will be totally asymptomatic. But no matter which group you fall into, everyone has a responsibility to limit the spread to other people, especially to those who may develop deadly complications.

There is currently no vaccine to prevent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

  • The best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to this virus.
  • The virus is thought to spread mainly from person-to-person.
  • Between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet).
  • Through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs, sneezes or talks.
  • These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs.


Regular hand-washing is one of the main ways to help prevent the transmission of coronavirus.

People should use plenty of soap and water to wash their hands for at least 20 seconds, especially after:

  • traveling on public transport
  • being in a public place
  • coughing
  • sneezing
  • blowing their nose

Avoiding touching the face

People should avoid touching their eyes, nose, and mouth with their hands, especially if they are unwashed. This can help limit the spread of germs and reduce the likelihood of them getting sick.

The hands come into contact with several surfaces throughout the day, and they may pick up viruses this way. A new report suggests that SARS-CoV-2 can remain on certain surfaces for up to 3 days.

Limiting contact with others

People should take care to avoid coming into close contact with others — especially those who are older, unwell, or have symptoms of the virus.

The Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend staying 6 feet away from anyone who is coughing or sneezing.

This is because when a person coughs or sneezes, small droplets containing the virus leave their mouth and nose. Other people can then breathe these droplets in and catch any virus that the droplets may contain.